Are Non-profit Organisations Subject to the Fundamental Rights? The Case of the Board of Cricket Control in India
The case discusses the issues related to Zee Tele Films Limited's claims that the Board of Cricket Control of India was "state" and could act arbitrarily in the award of telecasting rights. The "state" as defined in Article 12 includes "other authorities", and these are subject to the constitutional limitations. The right to equality requires them to not act arbitrarily. A body which is an instrumentality or agency of the government is "other authority". The term has been subject to judicial interpretation. The Supreme Court, by a majority judgement, in the Zee Tele Films Case ruled that the Board is not "other authorities" within Article 12 of the Constitution.