Agile Methodologies and Organizational Agility
Organizations are experiencing a profound shift in the way they need to deliver value to customers. The contexts and conditions under which value offerings are developed and delivered today has changed dramatically over the last one to two decades, where digital technology has converged with traditional products and has become embedded into customers' everyday lives. While classic project management approaches emphasize efficiency and meeting internal business demands in terms of project delivery, they tend to lack flexibility in their way of approaching change, dealing with uncertainty and reducing time to market. Organizations have to become more agile and adjust the way they plan and build offerings, by increasing the frequency by which they deliver product increments and the way they learn from customer feedback during iterative product development and delivery. The purpose of this technical note is to convey the essential characteristics of the agile mindset that underpins a variety of agile methodologies and frameworks used in practice. Secondly, different agile methodologies and their advantages are explained in detail. Finally, the implementation of agile methodologies in organizations is discussed. In addition to known operational changes that are necessary, the broader organizational transformation that this type of change entails when introducing agile thinking from the start-up world into large established firms is also discussed.