Laurence & Ralph: The Basic Economics of Capacity and Inventory
Laurence & Ralph (L&R) is not a case, per se, but a note on the classical Newsboy Problem. This type of problem is exemplary in capacity or inventory economics. It occurs every time a product needs to be ordered or service capacity needs to be set when demand in the forthcoming sales or service period is uncertain. Fundamentally, the inventory decision is equivalent with a capacity decision, as inventory represents a capacity to sell product in the future, while capacity is a form of inventory for future service.