Envirofit International: Cracking the BoP Market
In 2007, Envirofit International, a 501(c) (3) non-profit enterprise from Ft Collins, Colorado, USA, teamed up with the Shell Foundation to reduce indoor air pollution (IAP) in India by selling low-cost high-performance cookstoves designed to reduce carbon emissions by at least 50 percent. IAP was recognized as a silent killer in developing countries like India and a major environmental hazard in developing countries and around the world. The simple solution to this worldwide problem was a low or zero emissions cookstove. This case describes how Envirofit developed and marketed a high performance cookstove to the base of the pyramid (BoP) households in India earning $2-$7 a day and the challenges it encountered in the process. In spite of high investments in social marketing campaigns, Envirofit's push strategy did not result in strong sales growth in the BoP market segment in India. Harish Anchan, Envirofit India's country manager, and Tim Bauer, VP Operations at Envirofit, faced the daunting task of growing sales profitably in order to make the Indian venture financially sustainable. Students have the opportunity to analyze Envirofit India's market and financial performance and suggest alternatives to improve sales based on a sound understanding of consumer behavior in the Indian BoP market.