Business Valuation: Standard Approaches and Applications
This note provides an introduction to the standard approaches used to value businesses from the perspective of the investor (e.g., discounted cash flow, market multiples). Each approach is illustrated with a specific practical application. The note provides an in-depth example of discounted cash flow valuation of a firm including cash flow forecasting, terminal value estimation, and cost of capital determination. To focus the analysis, the note does not treat the specific complexities associated with M&A analysis.