Valuing Late-Stage Companies and Leveraged Buyouts
This note replaces "Valuation of Late-Stage Companies and Buyouts" (UVA-F-1639). This note focuses on the valuation of late-stage companies with a particular emphasis on leveraged buyouts (LBOs). In contrast to venture capital, where firms are typically at an early stage of development, late-stage investments involve more-established businesses that have an ability to take on higher levels of debt to augment investor returns. The note provides a description of LBOs, an overview of the commonly used sources of financing and the metrics used to assess LBO capital structures, a discussion of the value drivers of buyouts, and a step-by-step example of an LBO analysis. This note takes the perspective of private equity (PE) investors and assumes some basic familiarity with the structure of PE investing. Their approach is compared to other discounted cash flow valuation methods based on the weighted-average cost of capital or adjusted present value.