The Beer Cases (B): Groupo Modelo
The Beer Cases present a means to explore industry evolution in a rapidly globalizing industry. In 2011, the beer industry had elements of sub-national, national and global competition. Giants, such as AB Inbev, as well as national champions, such as Tiger Breweries and Tsingtao, which were aspiring to become major regional and global players, populated the industry. Further, industry players used alternative models (strategic approaches) to meet their objectives for national, regional and global expansion. By focusing on presentations of the strategies of five major beer companies (AB InBev, Groupo Modelo, Tiger Breweries, Tsingtao and San Miguel), this set of cases helps to illustrate these points. The format used for the cases involves in-class presentations of each case, alongside rigorous questioning from the instructor to not only explore the logic of the analysis and strategy proposed in the presentation for each company, but to also nudge the class toward an understanding of the major trends in the growth of the beer industry and key success factors for companies that operate in the beer industry. The class can be pushed further to connect the implications of one's assumptions about what drives success in beer sales, alongside their understanding of industry growth trends and drivers, to understand models of global competition in this industry, and forecast anticipated outcomes and strategies for the major beer companies considered in this set of presentations. Ultimately, the observations from the beer industry, which is a fairly easy product and industry to understand, can be extrapolated to other industries, to see how closely they fit the development of the beer industry. Further, lessons can also be drawn about how industry pressures influence the four key components of an international expansion strategy: product choice for expansion, market choice for geographic expansion, timing of entry and mode of entry.