IndiGo Airlines: Monopolizing Indian Skies
India's airline industry was an oligopoly, with six major players in the market. IndiGo, launched in 2006, had become India's largest airline and a dominant player, after having taken advantage of market conditions, including a rise in per capita income that led to increased demand for air travel. However, in 2018, after a decade of consistent profitability, IndiGo was experiencing a decline in profits that was affecting its share price. The airline's management needed to consider how the company could sustain its market-leading position over the long term and even increase profits, while accepting the minimal control it and its competitors had over ticket prices, amid an atmosphere of rising costs for aviation fuel and personnel costs. Ramakrushna Panigrahi is affiliated with International Management Institute-Bhubaneswar.