Tunaiku: An Innovative Indonesian Fintech Navigates Regulatory Ambiguity
In late 2018, the chief executive officer and founder of Tunaiku, a new digital consumer-lending financial technology (fintech) company in Indonesia, faced a dilemma. Although he had set out in 2014 to revolutionize Indonesia's consumer lending by providing people in the underserved lower segment of society with small unsecured loans, he now faced his most crucial challenge-dealing with Indonesia's changing regulatory environment. When he had launched the venture in 2014, fintech was unknown, and the founder had eventually decided to offer the product through a bank. But after Indonesia introduced a new fintech regulation, he needed to reconsider his earlier decision. Should Tunaiku move to a fintech licence or remain as a bank? Marleen Dieleman is affiliated with National University of Singapore. Ishtiaq P. Mahmood is affiliated with National University of Singapore.