Aerojet Rocketdyne Holdings, Inc.: Sum of the Parts
In 2016, US firm Aerojet Rocketdyne Holdings, Inc. (Aerojet) had been developing and manufacturing propulsion systems for rockets and armaments for long-range weapons systems for over 70 years. It also owned 4,634 hectares of land and an investment portfolio worth more than its stock's market capitalization-but it had a large amount of debt and an underfunded pension plan. Aerojet's stock had fallen over 30 per cent to US$16.30 under new executive leadership, and a hedge fund manager at Royal Capital Management LLC had to decide whether to wait for Aerojet to take off. After valuing the firm's various assets, he concluded the stock was worth $35 based on the sum of the parts, but he needed to consider some of the parts, including its significant debt and a pension plan underfunded by $637 million, which were still cause for concern. Mark Simonson is affiliated with Arizona State University.